Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Diet on genotype can be a way out for many, but it still has a lot of questions

Don't know what to do to lose weight? DNA tests promise to help you with this. They will be able to develop the most individual diet, because for this they will use the most "personal" from you: your genes. The idea is that the genes of each person are unique, so to achieve optimal weight and level of health, everyone must have their own individual set of nutritional requirements. And in recent years, dieting using DNA tests has become more popular, especially in the United States, where obesity is more acute than ever in 2020.

Proponents of such diets argue that the analysis provided by DNA tests offers a new perspective on human nutrition.

We can pick up shoes for each person and choose clothes based on human parameters, and now we offer to do the same with nutrition, says Sherri Chang, CEO of GenoPalate,a company producing DNA testing kits.

The company says it allows you to "discover the most useful products based on your genes."

Scientists generally agree that each person's genes contain a small number of variations that affect how their body absorbs nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and minerals. Critics believe that the importance of genes is exaggerated, and nutrition has more effect on blood pressure, and other parameters.

Now anyone can buy a DNA test and get a list of the best foods for themselves according to their genetic makeup. Some companies also offer customized fitness, skin care and prescription recommendations. Such companies are also in Russia, the average cost of such a test varies from 7 to 12 thousand rubles.

Diets by genotype are becoming more popular

How does it work? For example, people with one type of APOC3gene that affects the processing of triglycerides (fat in the blood) can be advised to follow a low-fat diet. One variation of this gene is associated with elevated cholesterol levels. On the other hand, each person should limit the consumption of saturated fats, regardless of whether the genes "tell" him about it or not.

Human genome studies have not shownthat genes can 100% determine the right diet. For example, a study conducted at King's College London analyzed the food intake of 110 pairs of identical twins. It found that participants reacted differently to food depending on its composition, meal time, despite the same genotype.

The effect of genes on the correct diet has not yet been proven

Many companies that deal with nutrigenometry post research on their websites to support their claims. Frequently cited studies usually confirm a link between certain gene variants and how they may influence a person's response to a low-fat diet or a high-protein diet. But it is unclear to what extent genetic differences affect the SAMU diet. Another problem is that there are very few clinical trials that actually measure the effectiveness of DNA-based diets compared to other approaches.

But for many people, most of the "personalized" recommendations from companies that offer genotype diets are just things we hear over and over again: limit carbohydrates, increase fiber, and reduce sodium intake. Often, DNA diet plans are targeted at people interested in weight loss and body mass index. But of course, weight loss doesn't always mean better health.

Most of the advice of these diets comes down to the fact that you need to eat properly. But that's what we know.

It's just that people who are overweight find it hard to resist the temptation of individual diet advice. People also equated "health" and "well-being" with "weight loss."

But the connection between this is very small.

Each person has their own nutritional requirements from the body to maintain health, as well as a unique set of genes. Many diets will suit you or will keep you alive. But that doesn't mean they'll all be good in the long run. The ideal diet should not only keep you alive, but also help you develop. It should give the maximum possible nutrient intake,to make your body as healthy as possible.

Source: scienews.com

The last notes - Наука

most read news

#Наука

Modeling camera motion in four-dimensional space.View the world in different dimensions changes the way we perceive everything around, including time and space. Think about the difference between two
подробнее...

Alas, the miracle did not happen, as clinical trials of the new drug is not in the public domain, and its effectiveness is doubtfulWith the onset of autumn, many countries around the world are
подробнее...

monkfish is one of the most unusual and mysterious fish in the worldLucky for us humans to find a mate, just need the courage to go outside or use the app for Dating. Now imagine how hard it is to
подробнее...

Millions of years ago Mars was hardly a warm placeAt the moment, Mars is the most habitable planet of people. It is largely similar to our native Land: the surface of the solid, the day lasts almost
подробнее...

Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar systemProbably in the entire Universe there is no planet or satellite with a perfectly smooth surface. And all because in space objects of constant flow of
подробнее...

We don't even know that there are at least nine senses in our body.Vision, smell, hearing, touch and taste. These are the generally accepted five feelings that most people have. Without them, we would
подробнее...

There are more and more vegans on our planetAccording to the news magazine The Economist, today there are about 5% of vegetarians on our planet. This is the name of people who do not eat meat and
подробнее...

These aircraft is no more. And sorry…Many people often ask why we do not fly at supersonic speed in civil aviation. The unequivocal answer to this partly rhetorical question, as this state of Affairs
подробнее...

Information environment with consciousness - fiction or reality?Can machines regain consciousness? Popular culture regularly draws humanoid robots that have regained consciousness or were deliberately
подробнее...

Sunken "Titanic" was found only many years after the disaster.For many centuries the world ocean was one of the main ways of communication of civilizations living on different continents. The seas and
подробнее...

Just a few years ago, it seemed that string theory was the new theory of everything. But today the string universe raises more questions than answersString theory is designed to combine all our
подробнее...

you May have seen centrosaurus in documentary filmsMillions of years ago in the canadian province of Alberta lived in a huge variety of dinosaurs. Especially many of centrosaurus (Centrosaurus
подробнее...

reconstruction of the skeleton of deinosuchus (Deinosuchus)It's hard To believe but I think the most dangerous and ruthless of animals on our planet are crocodiles. Judge for yourself — if the person
подробнее...

Between gorillas and humans have more in common than previously thought.Our closest relatives are apes chimpanzees. The similarity between us is not only in appearance but also in genetics. Depending
подробнее...

a scene from the sci-Fi Thriller «edge of tomorrow» with Tom cruise and Emily blunt.Each of us sooner or later face death. But what happens at the moment of dying and after it? Throughout its history,
подробнее...

Some doctors believe that sleep hormone helps with coronavirusIt appears that in the list of potential treatments COVID-19, which the researchers proposed for several months of the pandemic, another
подробнее...

This is the head of an ant. But not hellish, and the ordinaryTo date, scientists know of the existence of about 15,000 species of ants. Given that most of us saw with my own eyes a maximum of 3-4 of
подробнее...

Remains of a ship at the bottom of the Baltic SeaRight now, while you're reading this article, somewhere in the depths of the seas and oceans lie sunken ships. Some of them are real "time capsules"
подробнее...