Scientists identify both weak and strong antidepressants.
Today antidepressants for many are the only way of dealing with worries and stress. Despite the fact that the development of these drugs started in the 50-ies of the last century, scientists are still not exactly sure how some antidepressants work. But the fact that for many people they are effective, no doubt, otherwise these drugs just nobody would accept it. However, some antidepressants are considered more "pure" due to the smaller number of side effects.
Researchers from new York in 1951 revealed a relationship between the depressed person and the brain activity. The discovery was made by accident, when after receiving the drug called iproniazid in patients with tuberculosis suddenly appeared in a good mood. It was logical to assume that if you can learn to control brain processes which are responsible for the stress (or rather, to suppress them), you can ease the symptoms of depression.
Since then, millions of Americans and citizens of other countries "hooked" on antidepressants. For example, one of the most popular made in 1998, is a Prozac.
Really simple answer to this question yet. Scientists still spend a lot of research to find out how these drugs help people feel happier. One of the recent experiments conducted by scientists from Yale and Manchester universities — patients with depression a week after you start taking antidepressants with the help of machine learning. The neural network analyzed the communication of the entire brain, as well as links to specific areas of the cortex and subcortical structures with each other.
After the patients took the antidepressants with serotonin, the drug increased the connectivity between the networks of the brain responsible for attention and weaken the passive region of the brain. The MRI was evident before the appearance of the therapeutic effect of antidepressants.
Blue color shows the weakening of connections in the brain, red — strengthening
They Then investigated the efficacy of antidepressants compared with placebo. Those who took an antidepressant, twice as often talked about that feel better than those who took a placebo. Meanwhile, the scientists noticed that the drug in the first place removes the anxiety, and then depression. However, the result of his technique leads to improve mood of the person.
In 2018, another group of scientists spent : she compared the results of 522 studies involving more than 116, 000 people to find out what antidepressants are most effective and have the least side effects. As a result, they noted at least two drugs.
The study amitriptyline from the group of tricyclic antidepressants were the most effective among the drugs that are studied by scientists. It reduces anxiety and General irritability, as well as minimizes or completely removes the symptoms of depression — it all depends on the person.
Amitriptyline popular in many countries due to its strong effect
Furthermore, among the best antidepressants were noted formulations based on serotonin. This group of drugs is considered to be one of the most promising. While scientists do not rule out effective action of other drugs because, depending on the physiological characteristics of the person and degree of depression are assigned to different antidepressants.
This drug, as the researchers note, stimulates melatonin receptors, which also allows you to relieve anxiety attacks and reduce depression symptoms. At the same time, agomelatine is not so "strong" antidepressant, so it belongs to the category of "soft" drugs with the least side effects. However, even before receiving the "light" of antidepressants, you still need to consult with your doctor.
Prozac became widespread in the U.S.
According to scientists from the us state of Illinois, major side effects are not while taking anti-depressants (only if we are not talking about the overdose), . Discontinuation of antidepressants in people may experience headaches, insomnia, restlessness and other unpleasant symptoms.
The Problem with antidepressants is that they are highly addictive, what many doctors don't even warnpatients.
Therefore, among physicians there are many supporters of non-pharmacological methods of treatment of depression, therapy with psychologists, to natural ways. For example, sometimes patients it is enough to change your diet: add to menu, more fish, chocolate and dairy products, and fatty foods.